9/26/2017 update: it has been reported this calibration method CAN make sound card timings worse. I believe I’ve even experienced this issue.
The officially recommended calibration method is to use a time standard such as WWV and WWVB. Details are in the Fldigi manual.
I’ll update or create a post as time permits with more details. This post and instructions below will be left for reference and should be considered archived. This is a less effective way of calibrating Fldigi.
For a number of years, I recommended the checksr.exe program and pointed users to the pa-sitrep (dot) com website. Recently that site disappeared. Since I had a copy of both the program and the text, I am re-posting both. It is an excellent utility and has great value. Unfortunately it only is available for Windows.
I do not take any credit for the program or instructions. I updated the instructions with screenshots.
Check the Fldigi tag for my posts running it on the Raspberry Pi or how to use Fldigi.
1) Download and save CheckSR.exe to your desktop. This is a small, standalone, application that consist of a single exe file. When you double click on it, once it’s saved to your desktop, it provides the capability of analyzing your sound card offsets and gives you the corrections in parts per million (ppm):
2) Open NBEMS/FLDIGI, go to configure, defaults, sound card, audio devices tab and make sure you have the sound card you use for your interface properly selected from the capture and playback drop down choices. Then click the audio settings tab.
3) Under the audio settings tab, you should see a sample rate drop down box for capture and playback. Under each drop down box, select the sample rate that has (native) listed after it and take note of this figure.
Click save config, then click save. Close FLDIGI.
Note: the ‘capture’ sample rate is the only one that seems to have the ‘native’ designation. The playback and capture should be the same.
4) Going back to CheckSR, open the application (if it’s not already open, double click on the desktop icon now) and from the drop down boxes for sound card settings, Input and Output, choose the sound card you are using with FLDIGI. Next, select the sample rate from the drop down box in CheckSR for the sample rate that FLDIGI showed as “Native” then click start.
5) Let the application run for about 15-20 minutes. You will notice that the numbers will progressively stabilize. After about 15-20 minutes, click stop then write down the resulting figures on input and output for the measurements in Hz and PPM. Keep this record.
6) Open FLDIGI, go to configure, defaults, sound card and click on the audio settings tab. Enter the PPM figures for RX ppm (CheckSR ppm Input figure) and TX ppm (CheckSR ppm Output figure). If you had a figure that resulted in a minus from CheckSR, enter the PPM setting with the minus symbol followed directly by the figure with no space. Then click save config, then close.
Although this procedure does not seem to be necessary for MT63 2k long on FM, it is advisable that anyone using FLDIGI, regardless of modes used, should perform this procedure immediately following setup. Once these calibrations are applied to the software, no changes should ever have to be made again, unless you change your software to radio interface sound card.